Old Style - also call Gerald is generally considered “warm” or friendly, thanks to its origins in Renaissance humanism.
-low contrast with diagonal stress
-cove or “bracketed” serifs
-based on handwriting
Bembo, Caslon, Garamond, Jenson, Palatino
Transitional - this style forms the transition between Renaissance Old Style and Modern typefaces. With the change from the woodcut to copperplate engravings in the 17th Century, the lines of the letters became more fine and rich in contrast.
-contrast between thick and thin strokes is more pronounced
Times New Roman, Baskerville, Caslon, Perpetua, Bell
Modern - also called Didone, Modern typefaces arose with the distribution of copper and steel engraving techniques in the 17th and 18th Century. The appearance is technical exact.
-mathematical construction /measurements
-extreme contrast between thick and thin strokes
Bodoni, Bauer Bodoni, Walbaum, Aster, Didot, Ellington
Slab Serif - At the beginning of the 19th Century typefaces were used for attracting attention and were in demand for advertising, posters, flyers, business and private printed matters. Egyptian and Grotesque typefaces arose from Modern typefaces.
-square ended serifs
Serifa, Rockwell, Memphis, Clarendon, New Century Schoolbook
Sans Serif - Sans-serif typefaces influenced by the Bauhaus movement and featuring circular or geometric letters, with little variation in stroke thickness. There are three types Geometric, Humanist and Grotesque. Geometric is built around geometric forms, Humanist have oval shapes and variations in stroke thickness to create a more graceful, human appearance, and Grotesque has an upright character makes it similar to transitional serif letters.
Kabel, Futura, Frutiger, Helvetica, Gill Sans
Script - is based upon the varied and often fluid stroke created by handwriting. They are organized into highly regular formal types similar to cursive writing and looser, more casual scripts. Two types formal and casual.
-based on handwriting
Kuenstler Script, Snell Roundhand, Brush Script, Kaufmann, Mistral
Blackletter - based on early written forms, blackletter is a style of typeface that features elaborate thick to thin strokes and serifs.
-based on hand written forms
Old English, Gothic, Textura, Schwabacher, Fraktur
Grunge - a “dirty” font with irregular, sometimes even ugly and crooked visual elements.
-texture element to each letter
-can be serif or sans serif
-parts of letters may be missing
Turbo Ripped, Dirty Ames, Sidewalk, Neoprint M319, Trashed
Monospaced - typefaces in which every glyph is the same width.
-characters share the same width
-mono stroke width
Courier, Prestige Elite, Fixedsys, Monaco, Lucida typewriter
Undeclared - Typefaces that contain sans serif structures attached to flared serifs.
-thick stroke widths
-wide horizantal axis
-small glyphic serifs
Optima, Copperplate Gothic, Aviano serif, Imperium, Copperplate